The term "staccato" comes from the Italian word meaning "detached".
A staccato mark is used to separate notes in a sharp "popping" sound similar to a hand clap. This dynamic can occur at any volume or tempo.
play "G .G D .^F"
To play a staccato note in ABC notation, put a dot before the note.
A staccato dot is written before any accidentals.
To separate longer notes, use rests.